The Islamic calendar 2023 is also called the Hijri calendar in Islam. It is based on the evolution of the moon and consists of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to determine the dates of each month and all Islamic holidays and traditions. In practice, this means a sighting of the first curve of the new moon must be correctly recorded and verified before dates are published.
Islamic Calendar 2023
In those countries where Islam is the dominant religion so the Government calendar based on astronomical forecasts are sometimes used to plan further- or at least forecast the required dates without waiting for the moon sightings every month.
The Islamic calendar was established in 622 AD when Muhammad and his companions moved from Mecca to Medina – after been informed of an assassination plot – and established the first Muslim community (Ummah), an event celebrated as the Hijra.
The important dates for Muslims in the Islamic calendar
Hijri Calendar 1445
All dates are subject to approval following an official sighting of the first moon of the new moon. And as already discussed, there can also be local changes on a day, but you should remember that dates are obedient to an official sighting of the first curve of the new moon and can also modify by a day or by the different locations.
After confirmation using the new moon is seen as especially important for Muharram (new year), Ramadan, Shawwal (whose first day is Eid al-Fitr) and Dhul-Hijjah.
Islamic Calendar of Festivals and Holidays
Islamic Calendar 2023 Saudi Arabia
A Muslim worshipper appeals on Laylat al-Qadr, this is the 27th day of Ramadan, as pilgrims meet at the Kaaba, the cubic structure at the Grand Mosque in Mecca, during the minor journey of Umrah on June 22.
Laylat al Miraj
Laylat al-Miraj indicates the night-time tour of the wizard Muhammad from Mecca to what the Qur’an defines as the ‘farthest mosque in Jerusalem.’ Masjid Al Aqsa is regarded as the location of the ‘farthest mosque’ – this traditionally represents the large sanctioned site that is sometimes called Haram Al-Sharif.
Urdu Calendar 2023
Lailat al Miraj is the seventh month in the Islamic calendar which is observed on the 27th day of Rajab.
Shab e Barat: Shab e Barat is also called Bara’a Night or Mid-Sha’ban, this is a festival observed on the night between the 14th or 15th day of the month of Sha’ban. Shab e Barat is announced when Muslims believe the prosperity of men is decided for the year ahead and when Allah descends to earth and gives mercy and forgiveness to offenders.
Arabic Calendar 2023 (1445)
Ramadan starts in the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. During this month, Muslims start fast from early morning till sunset. Fasting means no food or drink and also abstaining from smoking and ‘sinful behavior’ such as swearing, lying and gossiping. When this month drops during the time of longer days and sunnier weather, the fasting can be quite a challenge.
This is the second Eid celebration in Islam. This is the festival of the Sacrifice.
Muslim Calendar 2023
The holiday starts from three to 16 days, depending on the country. Muslims consider the event by sacrificing a lamb, goat, cow or other animal and sharing the meat with friends and neighbors, and with the weak and penniless.
Hajj: This is the yearly trip to Mecca, a journey that is needed at least once in a Muslim worshipper’s lifetime if they are financially and physically able to do it. Up to three million Muslims complete the pilgrimage every year.
Islamic Holidays 2023
The first month in the Islamic calendar is the Islamic New Year. This is the first day of the month called Muharram. It was the start of the Islamic year 1445 and in 2023 it will produce in the year 1445.
Arba’een: Arba’een means ‘forty’ and is a Shia Muslim spiritual observance that takes home 40 days after Ashura. This festival celebrates the martyrdom of the grandson of Muhammad in the Struggle of Karbala.
Milad/Mawlid: Mawlid (or Milad) un-Nabi means ‘birth of the prophet’ and commits to the observance of the birthday of Muhammad. This is the third month in the Islamic calendar.
|Date of Holiday||Name of Holiday|
|Mar 22||Isra and Mi’raj|
|Apr 24||Start of Ramadan|
|May 19||Laylat al-Qadr|
|May 24||Eid Al Fitr|
|Jul 31||Eid al Adha|
|Aug 20||Islamic New Year|